Chinchilla’s teeth

At first glance, chinchillas might look like they are related to rabbits having long fur, long whiskers, and long incision, but that’s not the case. It has been found that they are more closely related to rodents than rabbits. 

Rodents and chinchillas come from the same part of the family known as Rodentia, compromising of rodents, chinchillas, pigs, squirrels, etc. The one thing chinchillas and rabbits have in common is that their teeth never stop growing. To keep them at the proper length, they should be used consistently.

What Kind of Teeth Does a Chinchilla Have?

Chinchillas’ teeth are the same as rabbits’ because they are overgrown. The incisor and the cheek teeth, that is, premolars and molars, grow and erupt continuously. Chinchilla’s teeth need proper care.

This dynamic change of occlusion can develop potential malocclusion of the incisors or the cheek teeth. Tooth crowns and apical elongation can result in devastating and painful consequences.

Chinchilla’s lower incisors have a broad curvature that extends towards the middle of the cheek teeth. The upper incisor has a curvature than the lower incisors and extends nearly the teeth. Diet is essential for your chinchilla to balance tooth growth and dental abrasion.

How Many Teeth Does a Chinchilla Have?

A common question that people might ask while buying a chinchilla or people who already have a chinchilla is, how many teeth my chinchilla has? A chinchilla has 20 teeth in front incisors and 16 back molars. 

The only teeth that are visible without using a unique tool to you are four front incisors. If you want to see those 16 back molars, then you need special tools. 

If your chinchilla does not have 20 teeth, it is suggested for you see the vet. It can cause pain and infection to your chancellor. When it comes to last dental issues can be life-threatening easily for them. 

Common Dental Problems Among Chinchillas

Dental Problems Among Chinchillas

Hypsodont teeth 

Chinchillas have teeth that grow continuously, often requiring tooth trims, called hypsodont teeth, to have grounds extending to a great length beyond the gums. If a chinchilla’s teeth overgrow, they tend to bend and stick out between the rodents. 

These overgrown front teeth also get stuck between things or can extend beyond the roof of their mouth, which can hamper proper feeding. As the molars overgrow, their crowns might develop sharp edges that can cause the crowns inside the chinchilla’s teeth to be irregular. 

Hypsodont teeth are unusually long compared to the teeth of dogs, humans, or cats, who need the natural grinding action of chewing for the teeth to stay at the ideal length.

Overgrown teeth

One of the most common problems that your chinchilla can have in its teeth is having overgrown teeth. Overgrown teeth lead to bumpy swelling along the lower jaw. If your chinchilla’s incisors are overgrown, they might appear accessively long when the upper and lower lips are urgently lifted. 

If your chinchilla is showing abnormalities like more drool, eating slowly, chewing on soft things, or eating less, it might be because your chinchilla has overgrown teeth. Their fickle pallets may become smaller, dryer, and less frequent. 

If your chinchilla is affected due to dental problems, then it might start to lose weight and develop matted fur; loss of fur might appear around its chins and front paws due to excessive drooling.


Malocclusion is a word for owners of rodents and rabbits who never want to hear about their pets. Chinchilla Malocclusion refers to improper tooth alignment. Any species, including humans, can have crooked teeth; however, animals with radicular hypsodont (constantly developing) teeth are at greater risk. 

For these species, proper dental alignment is very crucial. Teeth that are not properly aligned will not line up uniformly. This can result in incisors that develop into or outside the mouth, molar roots that will grow into the nasal cavity or jaw, or molar spurs that flare into the cheek or tongue and painful ulcers.

How to Take Care of Your Chinchilla’s Teeth

Take Care of Your Chinchilla's Teeth

Chinchillas are lovely, but their teeth can be an issue. The teeth of chinchillas are constantly growing, similar to several other species. If we neglect routine maintenance, we risk our chinchillas.


Give your chinchilla top-notch quality grass hay that encourages healthy chewing. The more chews, the better for your chinchilla’s overgrowth teeth.

Dental issues in your chinchilla can result from nutrient-lacking diets. They require diets high in vitamin C and calcium. Feed your chinchilla high-quality, nutrient-dense pellets made for chinchillas or rabbits.

Chinchillas use chewing to prevent their teeth from becoming overly long. They need tools to file down their teeth. Pumice stones and chew blocks are excellent chew toys that help keep their teeth healthy.

Annual Health Examinations

Chinchilla’s teeth are prone to issues. Your exotic veterinarian must trim your chinchilla’s teeth if they grow out of control. If the surgery is carried out while your chin is under anesthetic, tooth trims are painless.

Get them to the vet right away to discuss an intervention strategy if you find that your chin’s teeth are getting longer. Don’t wait. As chins lose their capacity to chew or swallow, overgrown teeth can result in malnutrition, injury, and even death.

The good news is that chinchilla teeth are manageable if you pay attention to them. When someone says, “You have a nice grin,” people enjoy hearing that. And so do our chins.

Trim Their Teeth

The teeth of a chinchilla can be trimmed. But I strongly advise having a vet do this treatment.

An error, such as fracturing a tooth or over-chopping it, can cause severe pain and lead to other issues. Additionally, it is frequently suggested that a chinchilla be sedated during these surgeries.

Trimming a chinchilla’s teeth can be done correctly without inflicting discomfort or other problems, mainly if a trained expert performs the surgery. However, the likelihood of making a mistake if you do it yourself is too high.

Either the incisors or the molars of the chinchilla can have their teeth trimmed. There are primarily two techniques to trim a chinchilla’s teeth. Dog nail trimmers are necessary for the initial step. However, doing so is a surefire way to split a tooth.

The second method involves using a Dremel to remove the tooth. When a specialist notices that your chinchilla has a problem tooth or a tooth that has gotten excessively long, trimming is usually the next step.

Final Words

I hope this article helped you better understand your chinchilla’s teeth. Owners must know the potential issues with their pet’s teeth of chinchillas. Untreated growing teeth might result in significant injury or anorexia.  

You need to take proper care of your chinchillas’ teeth. Fortunately, the issue of enlarged teeth can be controlled by routine tooth trimming or eliminated by eliminating the offending tooth or teeth. Call your neighborhood exotics to vet if you need assistance with your chinchilla’s teeth.